Maintaining an appropriate and up-to-date information security strategy is essential. An information security strategy is a necessary component in a complete security program. This sets guidelines and offers structure to an organization and can be utilized to effectively articulate core security objectives and coordinate them with business goals.

What does a successful information security strategy need from an organization?

• It needs the organization to inventory all assets in the organization. It determines the number of resources necessary to protect each investment (or leave them vulnerable) regarding incident protection, detection, response, and recovery.

• The organization needs to describe the processes and procedures required to implement the strategy.

• A strategy needs clearly defined roles and responsibilities of members of the organization.

• It makes the organization codify the security process at all levels of the organization. This involves reviewing and signing the policy, hence gaining support from upper management on down for carrying out the security programs.

A security program is continuously evolving. It gives a mechanism for continuous improvement of security processes. As new technologies are developed, and further attacks are discovered, the security policy provides a centralized place where policy and procedures can evolve as the threat level evolves.

Information is crucial for most companies, whether intellectual property such as product designs, customer data or client lists, or financial information. Communication is vital to business success. Accidental or spiteful loss of any information could reveal the client, the business, or both to significant loss of revenue and reputation. A security strategy must address protecting assets' confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA).

These strategies are part of an effective security strategy:

• Risk Analysis – Analyzing risk supports you in determining your endurance levels for risk and which you can accept, avoid, transfer, or prevent. Risk analysis can help determine how best to budget and emphasize security initiatives.

• Categorization of Data and Assets – It is required to understand your organization's data and assets and classify them based on their importance to the essence of business objectives. This helps you set priorities for grades of security and set permissions for information access.

• User Security Awareness Training – Undoubtedly, people pose the greatest threat to your organization via accidental or malicious misuse of data abuse. Employees must be appropriately trained on the sensitivity of data, threats, and how to handle data correctly. Employee knowledge of company policy and procedures can indeed support preventing data loss.

• Management Approval – Management approval & executive sponsorship are the most critical factors in a successful security program. Line up your security strategy with business objectives to ensure management approval. This can improve employee adherence to policies and increase security budgets, meeting practical solutions that support the process.