Cyber security is important for every organization and performing continuous security assessments can help not only identify but also prevent cyber attacks.
Fremont, CA:Risk assessments should be processed by dedicated in-house teams in the best-case scenario. This involves having IT personnel familiar with a company's digital and network architecture, executives familiar with information flow, and any proprietary organizational knowledge that may be relevant during the evaluation. A thorough cyber risk assessment requires organizational transparency.
Here is a step by step approach to performing a thorough cyber risk assessment:
Step 1: Determine Information Value
Most businesses don't have a limitless budget for information risk management, so it's best to focus on the most vital assets. Spend some time creating a criterion for determining the importance of an asset now to save time and money later. Asset worth, legal standing, and business importance are all factors that most organizations consider. Use the standard to classify each asset as critical, major, or minor once it has been properly incorporated into the organization's information risk management policy.
Step 2: Identify and prioritize assets
The first step is to decide the scope of the evaluation and select assets to examine. The corporation will be able to prioritize which assets to evaluate as a result of this. They might not want to analyze each asset individually, and they must collaborate with business users and management to compile a comprehensive inventory of all valued assets.
Step 3: Recognize cyber threats
Any vulnerability that could be exploited to compromise security and cause harm or steal data from a business is referred to as a cyber threat. Hackers, malware, and other IT security threats come to mind, among other things. After the company has identified the dangers that it faces, it must measure the impact of those threats.
Step 4: Identify vulnerabilities
Vulnerabilities are discovered through a vulnerability analysis process. With efficient patch management and automatic forced upgrades, organizations can eliminate software-based vulnerabilities. Having keycard access reduces physical vulnerabilities, the chances of someone acquiring access to an organization's computing system.
Step 5: Analyze and implement new controls
Examine the measures in place to reduce or eliminate the risk of a threat or vulnerability. Controls can be applied in a variety of ways, both technical and non-technical. Controls should be divided into two categories: preventative and detective. Preventative controls, such as encryption, antivirus, or regular security monitoring, aim to prevent attacks; detective controls, such as continuous data exposure detection, attempt to determine when an attack has happened.
Step 6: Calculate potential risks and their impact annually
After determining the value of information, threats, vulnerabilities, and controls, the next stage is to determine how likely these cyber risks are to occur, as well as the consequences if they do. It's not just a question of if they'll confront one of these catastrophes at some point, but also of how successful it might be. These inputs can then be used to assess how much a company should spend to mitigate each identified cyber risk.
Step 7: Prioritize risks according to prevention cost versus the information value
As a starting point, consider what activities senior management or other responsible personnel should take to limit the risk. It may not make sense to utilize preventative control to protect an asset if it costs more to protect it than it is worth.
Step 8: Document Risk Assessment Report results
The final phase is to create a risk assessment report that will aid managers in formulating budget, policy, and procedural decisions. The report should describe the threat's risk, vulnerabilities, and value. Also included are the outcomes, the chance of occurrence, and control measures.