Susceptibility identification is a process designed to find defects or weaknesses that can be exploited.
FREMONT CA: Even though network attacks and data breaches are on the rise, businesses frequently underestimate their risk. According to new research, most organizations either underestimate or overlook possible dangers, assuming that generic, off-the-shelf cybersecurity solutions will suffice.
For a more accurate picture of the risk, a complete security assessment is required. A security assessment can help one review their present security posture, identify possible risks and weaknesses, and lay the groundwork for a company-wide incident response plan.
Outlined below are nine steps to security assessment:
System Characterization: The initial step is to inventory critical technological components such as software, hardware, operating systems, and endpoint devices. This ensures that every point where data is created, received, preserved, processed, or sent is addressed in the security assessment.
Threat Identification: This procedure is designed to capture all potential risks, whether deliberate or unintentional. Like malware attacks and data breaches, human risks are generally divided into three categories: environmental dangers, such as power outages and HVAC problems, and natural threats, such as fires, storms, and floods.
Susceptibility Identification: This process is designed to find defects or weaknesses that can be exploited. These comprise obsolete or unpatched systems, insufficient safeguards, incomplete or contradictory security policies, and improper password habits, to name a few.
Control Analysis: This is the procedure for determining which controls exist to detect, prevent, or reduce dangers. Firewalls, access controls, authentication, and antivirus technologies, as well as physical security measures like alarms, locks, and fire suppression systems, are all examples of this.
Likelihood Determination: Based on a previous assessment of threats, vulnerabilities, and existing controls, this phase is aimed to determine the likelihood of a security breach. Threats are usually classified into three categories: high (possibly to be exploited this year), medium (likely to be influenced within three years), and low (anticipated to be attacked in the next three years).
Impact Analysis: The purpose is to calculate the possible damage that a successful exploit could cause. The worth of systems or data, remediation expenses, loss of secrecy, reputation damage, and system and data availability are all factors to consider.
Risk Assessment: Risk quantification entails determining the likelihood of danger, the susceptibility of a specific asset, and the asset's worth. It is easier to prioritize remediation efforts when one creates a risk assessment for all network assets.
Control Recommendations: Based on the risk assessment, this is a plan for making security upgrades. A cost-benefit study will be included to show that the risk reduction justifies the cost of new security controls.
Outcomes Documentation: The findings of the complete security assessment are documented in a report that assists senior management in making policy, procedural, budgetary, operational, and management improvements. The report should include precise recommendations for control implementation and a clear description of threats, vulnerabilities, and hazards.
A security assessment should ideally be carried out by an independent team in collaboration with internal IT personnel. An objective evaluation of the organization's security position requires an outside perspective.