Custom code, containers, open-source dependencies, infrastructure as code, and other components make up today’s cloud-native applications and these are all potential risk areas that should be examined regularly for vulnerabilities.

FREMONT, CA: Application security evaluations differ based on the organization and the types of apps or industries it serves. Finding possible threats, the attack surfaces of the application, the weak points in the current application security processes, and a plan for enhancing the application’s overall security posture are all part of an application security assessment.

Five phases of application security assessment include:

Identify Possible Threat Actors

When doing an application security assessment, the first step is identifying who is most likely to pose a threat to the application. Anonymous online users, clients, or even employees could fall into this category. Guarding against an insider threat from an employee, for example, is very different than defending against an opportunistic hacker. Before deciding how to protect against them, each of these threat actors would have entirely different goals and techniques of exploitation to be aware of.

Recognize Sensitive Data worth Protecting

On figuring out who might try to hack the app, one needs to know what is worth protecting. Firms can consult privacy regulations like PCI, HIPAA, or GDPR if they are unsure whether some data is sensitive. These are ever-changing regulatory standards for protecting customer information, and they are a terrific place to start when identifying sensitive data collected by the application. Compliance with specific privacy standards may be required depending on the industry in which the company works.

Map out the Application’s Attack Surface

Custom code, containers, open-source dependencies, infrastructure as code, and other components make up today’s cloud-native applications. These are all potential risk areas that should be examined regularly for vulnerabilities. Understanding the application’s components is critical for determining its attack surface and addressing any vulnerabilities.

Examine the Stumbling Blocks in the Application Security Process.

Upon understanding the application risks, businesses can evaluate their current AppSec (Application Security) process to see why they exist. Many security and development teams, for example, are isolated, resulting in a choice between secure software and development speed. A DevSecOps (Development, Security, and Operations) method can bridge the gap between security and development, allowing developers to provide secure products faster.

Create a Security Strategy

It is helpful to create a roadmap for reducing weak points in the AppSec processes by thoroughly investigating the malicious actors attacking the application and the potential attack vectors. This strategy should incorporate new security procedures and tools that can assist one in shifting left and developing secure software from the start.