Security leaders can choose a suitable security assessment service to avoid security threats in their organization.

Fremont, CA :Today most organizations are experiencing targeted cyberattacks. Companies need to plan out their security operations well in advance. The difficulty for security leaders who outsource the security assessment process is that there are many service offerings available, and marketing of these terms often adds to the complexity.

Security leaders and organizations have three types of security assessment services to choose from:

  1. Vulnerability Assessment (VA)

Vulnerability assessment (VA) is the most frequently used service of all. It is an automated or semi-automatic way to identifying security vulnerabilities. Its purpose is to find as many publicly known vulnerabilities as possible within a limited group of systems, to reduce false positives. VA is a straightforward strategy that allows for a high level of automation, resulting in increased speed and consistency. Along with asset inventory and change management processes, VA is a vital aspect of any security-aware organization's vulnerability management approach.

  1. Penetration Testing (Pentest)

Penetration testing (pentest) is a technique for demonstrating how a security line can be compromised, allowing a threat actor to go from point A to point B within an organization's network. A pentest, unlike a vulnerability assessment, goes beyond the simple listing of potential security flaws. Penetration testing on an external perimeter, corporate network, or both would demonstrate how a malefactor might operate if attempting to infiltrate a company's IT system. Pentesting is primarily a manual service that relies on an experienced team's expertise and experience rather than tooling and automation.

  1. Red teaming service

A red teaming service evaluates a company's operational security capabilities by executing a sophisticated attack simulation exercise and measuring defending SOC professionals' detection and response. Although it may appear to be similar to penetration testing, there are important distinctions between testing security operations (OpSec) and looking for attack pathways. During penetration testing, a service provider tries every attack vector that could be used to attack the security of IT infrastructure. During red teaming, the client and service provider work together to create a set of objectives met through a series of attack scenarios. Based on the findings of a comprehensive TI study, these would be the most relevant for the company. Most of the time, the scope would not be restricted by IP addresses or domains but rather would encompass the entire enterprise. Due to the necessity to imitate the low-profile behavior of an actual attacker, these exercises last longer than others.