A network security assessment's primary goal is to keep the computers, network, and confidential data safe from unauthorized access.

FREMONT, CA: Essentially, network security assessments are audits of the current security policies. They are made to find any flaws that could be used to damage the company's operations or reveal confidential data. They should, if done correctly, provide one with the information they need to take targeted action to fix certain vulnerabilities and protect the assets. A network security assessment's primary goal is to keep the computers, network, and confidential data safe from unauthorized access. The evaluation works to achieve this aim by:

  • Find any potential entry points, both internal and external.
  • Identify security flaws in file, program, and database servers on the network.
  • Determine if a combination of low-risk flaws may be used to build a high-risk flaw.
  • Examine and assess the potential effects of effective attacks from both within and outside the organization.
  • The ability of network defenders to detect and react to potential attacks is put to the test.

How Network Security Assessments Work

There are two forms of network security assessments, both of which are great ways to evaluate the efficacy of the current network security defenses. These are the types:

Vulnerability Assessment: Using the measures described below, a vulnerability assessment identifies the flaws in the method.

Penetration Test: A penetration test simulates a real cyberattack or social engineering attack to see how well the defenses hold up against it.

Organizations should take the general measures outlined below to perform a network security assessment:

Take an Inventory of the Resources: Identify all of the assets and prioritize which to assess first based on their importance. This will provide one with a general overview of the network and the security controls in place.

Figure Out the Information Value: Develop a classification policy that allows determining the significance (including business importance) of an asset or a piece of data consistently to prioritize the protection expenditure.

Evaluate the Security of the IT Infrastructure: Cybersecurity threats can arise from anywhere, which is why this stage of the evaluation can be lengthy. Network scanning, checking for internal vulnerabilities, network enumeration, information security policy review, third-party review, and reviews of BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) policies and email use are all common tasks in this process. It can also include assessing a company's protection against natural disasters, human error, and device failures, as well as hostile attacks.

Test the Security Defenses: On identifying the security vulnerabilities in the company, test if the risk mitigation measures and security policies are effective in preventing attackers from exploiting them.