Identity and Access Management is considered to be the frontline of security. It is a collective term that covers products, processes, and policies that facilitates the management of electronic or digital identities. IAM helps to strengthen information security programs. With an IAM framework in place, IT managers can control user access to critical information within their organization. This technology provides the ability to securely store identity and profile data as well as data governance functions to ensure that only data that is necessary and relevant is shared. Here we have four AIM practises that bolter information security program.
1.Document expectation and responsibilities for AIM success
In order to have a successful IAM the organizations must stop relying too much on documentation and instead develop and communicate standards and policies in a balanced way. The things that are done to setup and maintain user access is the most commonly addressed area of IAM, including familiar concepts like single sign-on, provisioning and password management. Many organizations use Privilege Management as a tactic to control access to the “superuser” accounts that are required for every system. However, these IAM controls are ineffective time and again. This is often a result of communication breakdowns among IT and security teams, stakeholders, system analysts, business unit leaders and HR managers. Everyone assumes that they are doing their part without understanding the IAM policies and procedures. Thus it is important that documentation is understood and agreed upon by everyone across the organization to implement IAM successfully.
2.Centralize security and critical systems around identity
An IAM best practice is to roll out the program in phases to ensure adoption of policies and procedures. It has to be understood that only a short and long term plan can expand the scope of IAM.
3. Codify business processes to minimize risks
Processes for identity management and account access like roles needing access, anomalous access requests and actual versus requested access rights must not be left unchecked. If left unchecked, it can cause slow accumulation of unnecessary permissions, access rights and outright privileges by individual users.
4. Evaluate the efficacy of current IAM controls
In most cases organizations trust blindly on IAM programs which are believed to implement security controls in the most efficient way. This phenomenon of taking security for granted may manifest in security teams most measuring the feasibility of IAM programs. In order to avoid this the organizations should identify how the program benefits the organization and what are the drawbacks in the context of security.
Expensive investments in the latest cybersecurity tools are no replacement for the protection that IAM best practices can provide. Implementing the above steps can ensure a proper security system in the IT field.